The Doctors' plot (Russian: дело врачей [delo vrachey, "doctors' case"], врачи-вредители [vrachi-vreditely, "doctors-saboteurs"], or врачи-убийцы [vrachi-ubiytsy "doctors-killers"]) was an episode of antisemitism in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin's regime.
The term comrade is used to mean "friend", "mate", "colleague", or "ally", and derives from the Iberian Romance language term camarada, literally meaning "chamber mate", from Latin camera "chamber" or "room".
Enemy of the people
The term enemy of the people is a fluid designation of political or class opponents of the group using the term.
In Soviet history and iconography, a Stakhanovite (Russian: стахановец) follows the example of Aleksei Grigorievich Stakhanov, employing hard work or Taylorist efficiencies to over-achieve at work.
Peaceful coexistence was a theory developed and applied by the Soviet Union at various points during the Cold War in the context of primarily Marxist–Leninist foreign policy and was adopted by Soviet-influenced "Socialist states" that they could peacefully coexist with the capitalist bloc (i.e., non-socialist states).
Five-year plans for the national economy of the Soviet Union
The five-year plans for the development of the national economy of the Soviet Union (USSR) (Russian: пятиле́тки, tr. pyatilétki; IPA: [pʲɪtʲɪˈlʲetkʲɪ], literally: "five-year-ers", abbreviation of Russian: Пятиле́тние пла́ны разви́тия наро́дного хозя́йства СССР, tr. Pyatilétniye plany razvitiya narodnogo khozyastva SSSR; IPA: [pʲɪtʲɪˈlʲetnʲɪjə ˈplanɨ rɐzˈvʲitʲɪjə nɐˈrodnəvə xɐˈzʲæjstvə ɛsɛsɛsˈɛrə]) were a series of nationwide centralized economic plans in the Soviet Union.
In the Russian language the word glasnost (Russian: гла́сность, IPA: [ˈɡlasnəsʲtʲ] ) has several general and specific meanings.
Social fascism was a theory supported by the Communist International (Comintern) during the early 1930s, which held that social democracy was a variant of fascism because, in addition to a shared corporatist economic model, it stood in the way of a complete and final transition to communism.
Socialist competition or socialist emulation (социалистическое соревнование, "sotsialisticheskoye sorevnovanie", or "соцсоревнование", "sotssorevnovanie") was a form of competition between state enterprises and between individuals practiced in the Soviet Union and in other Eastern bloc states.
Vsevobuch (Russian: всевобуч; IPA: [fsʲɪˈvobʊtɕ]), a portmanteau for "Universal Military Training" (Russian: всеобщее военное обучение, tr. vseobshcheye voyennoye obucheniye), was a system of compulsory military training for men practiced in the Russian SFSR governed by the Chief Administration of Universal Military Training of the People's Commissariat of Military Affairs.
Kulaks (Russian: кула́к, tr. kulak; IPA: [kʊˈlak] , Polish: kułak) "fist", by extension "tight-fisted"; kurkuls in Ukraine, also used in Russian texts (in Ukrainian contexts) were a category of affluent landlords in the later Russian Empire, Soviet Russia, and the early Soviet Union.
A sovkhoz (Russian: совхо́з; IPA: [sɐvˈxos] , abbreviated from советское хозяйство, "Soviet farm"), typically translated as state farm, is a state-owned farm.
Sluggish schizophrenia or slow progressive schizophrenia (Russian: вялотеку́щая шизофрени́я, vyalotekushchaya shizofreniya) was a diagnostic category used in Soviet Russia to describe a what they claimed was a form of schizophrenia characterized by a slowly progressive course; it was diagnosed even in a patient who showed no symptoms of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, on the assumption that these symptoms would appear later.
Refusenik (Russian: отказник, otkaznik, from "отказ", otkaz "refusal") was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate by the authorities of the former Soviet Union and other countries of the Eastern bloc.
Real socialism (also actually existing socialism) was an ideological catchphrase popularized during the Brezhnev era within the Eastern Bloc countries and the Soviet Union.
In Marxism, bourgeois nationalism is the alleged practice by the ruling classes of deliberately dividing people by nationality, race, ethnicity, or religion, so as to distract them from initiating class warfare.